Saturday, June 18, 2016

Wing Walks!?

I've ordered and received a whole bunch of foam from Dynamic Systems (aka SunMate), which I chose as a crash safety measure as much as I did as a comfort aid. I've been cutting away and shaping, but I've gotten to a point where I need to be doing a lot of sitting in the seat and seeing if it's comfortable yet. Only problem is, the plane has no wing walks.... and as challenging as it was to get in the plane standing just on the rear spar, that was preferable to setting up a makeshift seating setup outside the plane. I decided, since I need wing walks eventually, I might as well get them knocked out now so I can get this seating stuff taken care of.

The previous builder had glued and shaped the foam for the top of the inboard wing, and laid what appeared to be one layer of FG on it. I didn't want to disrupt the shape of the wing, and I didn't want to completely start over, so I decided to try and add a wing walk structure without disrupting anything I didn't have to. First step was to flip the plane over and get a good look at the underside.

The previous builder had used a single sheet of 1" foam, and cut slits halfway through it about every 2 inches in order to allow an easy curve to the shape of the wing. This was about how far apart I wanted to put supports, so I started by using a razor blade to extend the slits all the way to the fiberglass skin. I made my wing walk 12" wide, and it runs from the front spar to the rear spar. I dug out the foam in the slots, then cut another slot for a support to run lengthwise from spar to spar. I used ⅜" a/c plywood for the long support, and 3/32" a/c plywood for the rest of the supports. All the supports are 1" wide.

The last step before epoxy(or so I thought...) was to cut slots in the foam for two ½" spruce blocks to (drastically) increase the gluing area for the ⅜" main support.

When I test fitted the supports, I noticed that my long stringer (which was cut very, very precisely to the airfoil contour) didn't touch the skin in a lot of places. As in, ¼" to ⅜" gap. A closer inspection of the wing showed the problem; the foam and fiberglass had sunk, or had been attached too low at the rear spar, and the wing shape was not preserved except at the two wooden templates. I had to think for a couple days to come up with a solution to that one, but I think I came up with a good one. 

I used my hot wire foam cutter and two wooden templates to cut two 12" wide foam templates, one for each side of the wing skin. The outside template I left long enough to rest on the spars, while the inside template I cut about 1" too short so it'd be able to easily drop in place once epoxy was curing. I used some highly sophisticated and carefully calibrated bracing structures (read: spare tires) to support the outside template and, once it was in place, I mixed up my epoxy with some micro to fill in gaps and started inserting all of the supports. Once the supports were all in place, I placed the inside template (with plastic trash bag to isolate it from the epoxy) on the wing, and added a good amount of weight.

When I came back the next day, I was *very* happy to find that the setup had worked perfectly. My wing was now the shape it should've been (or, much closer to it) and the supports were all in place and holding. I mixed up more micro/epoxy and filled more gaps, then laid up two layers of FG and placed them over the structure. Although I'm not sure it was entirely necessary, I repeated the process of weighting the template over this to make sure it all cured with the right shape.

I did the other side the same way, and although the previous builder cut a few more slots in the other side, the results were similar:

The final result was solid. I'll be adding one or two more layers of FG to the top of the inboard wing, but it's already strong enough for me to stand on unsupported with no perceptible give. I'd call this a success.

Friday, June 17, 2016

Seats (Part 3)

Continued from Seats (Part 2)
I've spent the past few weeks making some solid progress, although it doesn't feel like it. I cut the carbon fiber seat pan to its rough shape, and cut the channel for the elevator pushrod to run through. I've also got a piece of foam cut to shape as a former for the carbon fiber to lay over the channel, creating a tunnel to protect the pushrod from debris (and from being stepped or sat on.)

I wet out two layers of CF, wrapped them around the foam tunnel former, and slid that into the slot I cut.

Once that cured, I removed the foam and flipped the seat over. I wet out two more layers of CF (for four total) and laid those over the tunnel from the last step. This would have created a void at the forward end of the tunnel, so I filled it with a really thick micro mixture ahead of time.

 It looks in the picture like the CF over the tunnel has sharp edges, but they're all quite flat and smooth in real life.

I tried to do the seat back next, using some left over foam from my wing tanks. That was a disaster, and I mostly just wasted time and resources on learning how *not* to lay up fiberglass. I may write up the long version at some point, but I'm not sure anyone else is dumb enough to try it as many times or as many ways as I did before giving up (or getting it right.) Long story short, plastic bagging is a perfectly viable fiberglassing option, but like everything else in fiberglassing, it has to be done just right. So far I haven't figured out how to do it just right. So I'll go back to fiberglassing the way I usually do, because I really want repeatable results (and I really want a seat back!)